The Ivy Portfolio from Meb Faber is based on the endowment funds of Ivy League schools. Here we’ll take a look at its components and the best ETFs to use in its construction.
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What Is the Ivy Portfolio?
The Ivy Portfolio is the product of the famous Meb Faber researching the highly-successful endowment funds of Harvard and Yale. He presents a simple, equally weighted portfolio that any investor can use to replicate the same asset allocations with low-cost ETFs. You can get the book here. I’d also highly recommend his book Global Asset Allocation: A Survey of the World’s Top Asset Allocation Strategies.
The Ivy Portfolio looks like this:
- 20% Total U.S. Stock Market
- 20% International Stock Market
- 20% Intermediate Bonds
- 20% Commodities
- 20% REITs
I’d be hesitant with the high allocations to commodities and REITs, considering the idiosyncratic risk of the real estate market and commodities’ very poor historical performance, but these pieces should help lower the portfolio’s volatility and risk. Endowment funds are more concerned with that objective than with maximizing returns, as their time horizon is perpetual.
Ivy Portfolio Performance
Going back to 2002, the Ivy Portfolio’s performance has been pretty dismal compared to the S&P 500:
This isn’t very surprising. I’ve explained elsewhere why we wouldn’t expect commodities to deliver a positive real return, and this portfolio allocates 20% to them.
Unfortunately, the Ivy Portfolio’s volatility and max drawdown aren’t terribly different from that of the S&P 500. This is because intermediate bonds at a 20% allocation don’t have much protection to offer. This piece should almost certainly be long term bonds, as more volatile assets make better diversifiers, especially when we’ve got 40% in stocks and 20% in REITs.
As a result, for this time period, the Ivy Portfolio still even had a lower risk-adjusted return (Sharpe), a measure of return per unit of risk, than the S&P 500. Investors interested in this type of well-diversified, risk-mitigating portfolio may be more interested in what I’d say are superior options:
Ivy Portfolio ETF Pie for M1 Finance
M1 Finance is a great choice of broker to implement the Ivy Portfolio because it makes regular rebalancing seamless and easy, has zero transaction fees, and incorporates dynamic rebalancing for new deposits. I wrote a comprehensive review of M1 Finance here.
Utilizing mostly low-cost Vanguard funds, we can construct the Ivy Portfolio pie with the following ETF’s:
- VTI – 20%
- VXUS – 20%
- VGIT – 20%
- PDBC – 20%
- VNQ – 20%
You can add the Ivy Portfolio pie to your portfolio on M1 Finance by clicking this link and then clicking “Add to Portfolio.”
Disclosures: I am long VTI and VXUS in my own portfolio.
Disclaimer: While I love diving into investing-related data and playing around with backtests, I am in no way a certified expert. I have no formal financial education. I am not a financial advisor, portfolio manager, or accountant. This is not financial advice, investing advice, or tax advice. The information on this website is for informational and recreational purposes only. Investment products discussed (ETFs, mutual funds, etc.) are for illustrative purposes only. It is not a recommendation to buy, sell, or otherwise transact in any of the products mentioned. Do your own due diligence. Past performance does not guarantee future returns. Read my lengthier disclaimer here.